All posts filed under: Films

European Cinema (1895 – 1945)

European Cinema  (1895 – 1945) Europe is regarded as the birthplace of the modern cinema. It was in Paris where the first public cinematographic projection ever took place and from there it spread all over the world. The first filmmakers were the Lumiere brothers, August and Luis, and amongst their first movies, made in 1895, that were ever shown in public were – Sortie des Usines Lumière à Lyon (Workers Leaving the Lumiere Factory) and L’Arrive d’un train en gare de La Ciotat (literally the arrival of a train at La Ciotat Station). Europe is regarded as the birthplace of the modern cinema. It was in Paris where the first public cinematographic projection ever took place and from there it spread all over the world. The first filmmakers were the Lumiere brothers, August and Luis, and amongst their first movies, made in 1895, that were ever shown in public were – Sortie des Usines Lumière à Lyon (Workers Leaving the Lumiere Factory) and L’Arrive d’un train en gare de La Ciotat (literally the arrival of a train at La …

Czech Cinematography: FAMoUs Children of Czech(oslovakia)

The Czech cinematography (or these days Czechoslovakian) came exceptionally late compared with other European cinematographies. It only began at the beginning of the 1960’s when filmmakers from the Czech film school, also called the Czech New Wave, started creating their works. Only the graduates of the worldwide famous FAMU (FILM AND TV ACADEMY OF PERFORMING ARTS IN PRAGUE), in which i.e. Agnieszka Holland and Emir Kusturica studied, initiated the revival of the Czech cinema. The very core of “newwavers” was composed of Milos Forman (pictured), Jiri Menzel and Vera Chytilova. Their films have substantial literary foundation in the works of Bohumil Hrabal and Milan Kundera, the most important Czech writers of that time. One of Hrabal’s novels Perlicky na dne (Pearls of the Deep) was screened as five shorts made by debutants: Vera Chytilova, Jan Nemec, Jiri Menzel, Evald Schorm and Jaromir Jires. Perlicky na dne (1963) became the New Wave’s manifesto. Observation of everyday life, often assuming the form of documentary recordings became the most important theme. The directors focused on introspection and psychological truth. Their films mixed a dramatic tone with a warm and friendly approach to a character, all seasoned with a dose of the …

Mexican Cinematography: the Latin Hollywood

Mexican Cinematography began its development in the 1920’s. The first films were mainly documentary newsreels called noticiarios (notices), which showed everyday life in Mexico. Unfortunately many of these films have been lost or destroyed. It was not long before the production of feature films was to commence. Most of them were melodramas, comedies and adventure films produced by Salvador Toscano Barragan, the Alva brothers and Ezequiel Carrasco following in the fashion of Hollywood and Italian productions. It was at this time when the first Mexican film stars appeared: Dolores del Rio, Lupe Velez and Mimi Derba. After getting their careers started in Mexico they all, eventually, emigrated to the United States to continue their careers. The most important film studio of that time was Azteca Studios which was founded by Mimi Derba. The 1930’s saw a change in the cinematic landscape of Mexico. The most spectacular herald of these changes appeared to be the visit of the leading Soviet film director, Sergei Eisenstein, who was in Mexico to shoot his film Que Viva Mexico! (1930). Eisenstein’s visit had a great effect on the Mexican filmmakers employed to work in …

Irish Cinematography : Difficult History, Important Movies.

The history of Irish cinematography is closely connected with the history of the country which, above all else, is the history of the constant battle for independence and national, political and cultural identity. The history of Irish cinematography is closely connected with the history of the country which, above all else, is the history of the constant battle for independence and national, political and cultural identity. Ireland, pushed aside for a long time as Europe’s backwater and remaining in the shade of the British Empire, could only begin to raise itself once it had achieved its independence. The cinematography of Ireland is a reflection of these changes. The first feature film, which was silent, The Lad of Old Ireland, was produced in 1910 by the American Sidney Olcott and was the typical emigrant story about a young man forced by economical conditions to search for his fortune overseas. It was pretty successful in the USA because of very popular theme of the day regarding emigration to United States – the Promised Land for newcomers from the Old Continent. Kalem, …

Case Study of a Short Film: “The Man With The Spying Glass” part 2

Case Study of a Short Film: “The Man With The Spying Glass” Production Finally, after all this pre-production work it is time for the production. The first big problem for us occurred a week before the production. The camera operator got another job and we had to start shooting a day before we had scheduled to do it. Luckily everyone was available. The call time for the first shooting day was 7 am. We scheduled to start shooting at 10 am. Of course we didn’t. We started shooting at midday. Try to stick with the shooting schedule even if it’s close to impossible. Otherwise it creates problems for the whole crew and cast. If you start shooting late, you will finish late, keep that in mind. On the first day we finished shooting at 10.pm so not that bad but… on the second day we ended at 2.00 am. We only had the studio booked for shooting for two days so we had to finish all the interior scenes within those two days. Unfortunately we made …